American Literature: DRAMA: Expressionism. Expressionism in drama

 

expressionism in american literature

Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the s. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence and put New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris. Expressionism - Expressionism - Expressionism in literature: Expressionism in literature arose as a reaction against materialism, complacent bourgeois prosperity, rapid mechanization and urbanization, and the domination of the family within pre-World War I European society. It was the dominant literary movement in Germany during and immediately after World War I. Expressionism, artistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later 19th and 20th centuries.


Expressionism - Wikipedia


Expressionismartistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. The artist accomplishes this aim through distortion, exaggeration, expressionism in american literature, primitivismand fantasy and through the vivid, expressionism in american literature, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements.

In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later 19th and the 20th centuries, and its qualities of highly subjective, personal, expressionism in american literature, spontaneous self-expression are typical of a wide range of modern artists and art movements.

Expressionism can also be seen as a permanent tendency in Germanic and Nordic art from at least the European Middle Ages, particularly in times of social change or spiritual crisis, and in this sense it forms the converse of the rationalist and classicizing tendencies of Italy and later of France.

More specifically, Expressionism as a distinct style or movement refers to a number expressionism in american literature German artistsas well as Austrian, French, and Russian ones, who became active in the years before World War I and remained so throughout much of the interwar period.

The roots of the German Expressionist school lay in the works of Vincent van GoghEdvard Munchand James Ensoreach of whom in the period — evolved a highly personal painting style. These artists used the expressive possibilities of colour and line to explore dramatic and emotion-laden themes, to convey the qualities of fear, horror, and the grotesque, or simply to celebrate nature with hallucinatory intensity. They broke away from the literal representation of nature in order to express more subjective outlooks or states of mind.

These painters were in revolt against what they saw as the superficial naturalism of academic Impressionism. They wanted to reinfuse German art with a spiritual vigour they felt it lacked, and they sought to do this through an elemental, primitive, highly personal and spontaneous expression. They were also aware of Neo-ImpressionismFauvismand other recent movements. The German Expressionists soon developed a style notable for its harshness, boldness, and visual intensity.

They used jagged, distorted lines; crude, rapid brushwork; and jarring colours to depict urban street scenes and other contemporary subjects in crowded, agitated compositions notable for their instability and their expressionism in american literature charged atmosphere. Many of their works express frustration, anxietydisgust, discontent, violence, and generally a sort of frenetic intensity of feeling in response to the ugliness, the crude banality, and the possibilities and contradictions that they discerned in modern life.

Woodcutswith their thick jagged lined and harsh tonal contrasts, were one of the favourite media of the German Expressionists. Oskar Kokoschka and Egon Schiele of Austria adopted their tortured expressionism in american literature and angular lines, and Georges Rouault and Chaim Soutine in France each developed painting styles marked by intense emotional expression and the violent distortion of figural subject matter. Expressionism was a dominant style in Germany in the years immediately following World War Iwhere it suited the postwar atmosphere of cynicismalienation, and disillusionment.

As can expressionism in american literature seen from such labels as Abstract Expressionism and Neo-Expressionismthe spontaneous, instinctive, and highly emotional qualities of Expressionism have been shared by several subsequent art movements in the 20th century. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback.

Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Birth and development Expressionism in literature Expressionism in other arts Decline of the movement, expressionism in american literature. See Article History. Birth and development The roots of the German Expressionist school lay in the works of Vincent van GoghEdvard Munchand James Ensoreach of whom in the period — evolved a highly personal painting style.

Start Your Free Trial Today. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

 

Expressionism | Definition, Characteristics, Artists, & Facts | hibcdxe.tk

 

expressionism in american literature

 

Expressionism, artistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later 19th and 20th centuries. Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the s. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence and put New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris. American Literature. DRAMA: Expressionism. Expressionism in drama. Expressionism is an artistic style in which the artist attempts to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in him. He accomplishes his aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and.